Amateur radio licensing in the United StatesUploader: Negore 5 month ago Subscribe 5
Space-division Frequency-division Time-division Polarization-division Orbital angular-momentum Code-division. Both classes also required candidates to have passed the Novice element 2 theory exam. QRZ started business around that time and was one of the precious few that actually purchased the government tapes. Amateur radio licenses in the United States are issued and renewed by the Federal Communications Commission without charge, although the private individuals who administer the examinations may recoup their expenses by charging a fee.